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Colin Luther Powell
Colin Luther Powell Colin Luther Powell


Colin Powell is a United States statesman and a retired four-star general in the United States Army He was the 65th United States Secretary of State (2001–2005), serving under President George W Bush He was the first African American appointed to that position Born Colin Luther Powell on April 5, 1937, in Harlem, New York The son of Jamaican immigrants Luther and Maud Powell, Colin was raised in the South Bronx Powell was educated in the New York City public schools, and graduated from Morris High School in 1954 without any definite plans for where he wanted to go in life It was at City College of New York, where Powell studied geology, that he found his calling—in the Reserve Officers' Training Corps (ROTC) He soon became commander of his unit This experience set him on a military career and gave him structure and direction in his life.

Powell was commissioned a second lieutenant in the United States Army, and was one of the 16,000 military advisors dispatched to South Vietnam by President Kennedy in 1962 In 1963, Lieutenant Powell was wounded by a punji-stick booby trap while patrolling the Vietnamese border with Laos He was awarded the Purple Heart, and later that year, the Bronze Star Powell served a second tour of duty in Vietnam in 1968-69 During this second tour he was injured in a helicopter crash Despite his own injuries, he managed to rescue his comrades from the burning helicopter and was awarded the Soldier's Medal In all, he has received 11 military decorations, including the Legion of Merit Powell earned an MBA at George Washington University in Washington, DC, and after being promoted to major, won a White House fellowship Powell was assigned to the Office of Management and Budget during the administration of President Nixon, and here he made a lasting impression on the Director and Deputy Director of the Office: Casper Weinberger and Frank Carlucci Both of these men were to call on Powell when they served as Secretary of Defense and National Security Advisor, respectively, under President Ronald Reagan.

Powell, now a Colonel, followed his term as White House Fellow with service as a battalion commander in Korea and with a staff job at the Pentagon After study at the Army War College, he was promoted to Brigadier General and commanded a Brigade of the 101st Airborne Division In the administration of President Jimmy Carter, Powell was an assistant to the Deputy Secretary of Defense, and to the Secretary of Energy He was promoted to Major General He again assisted Frank Carlucci at the Defense Department during the transition from the administration of President Carter to that of President Ronald Reagan In 1986, Powell left Washington to serve as commander of the Fifth Corps in Frankfurt, Germany, but was recalled to Washington to serve as deputy to Frank Carlucci, now the National Security Advisor A year later, Carlucci was appointed Secretary of Defense and Powell, now a Lieutenant General, assumed Carlucci's former post As National Security Advisor, he coordinated technical and policy staff during President Reagan's summit meetings with Soviet President Gorbachev He was the first African American to serve in this position, as he has been in every office he has held since In 2001, newly elected President George W.

Bush appointed Colin Powell to be Secretary of State At the time, it was the highest rank ever held by an African American in the United States government In his first months in office, Powell won praise for his efficient administration of the State Department, and cordial relations with other governments Following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, Secretary Powell took a leading role in rallying America's allies for military action in Afghanistan .

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