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Ernest Everett Just
Ernest Everett Just Ernest Everett Just


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Ernest Just was a pioneer in the study of human egg fertilization, artificial parthenogenesis, the relationship of bacteria to human cells, and the effect of environment on cell division A native of Charleston, South Carolina, Just was born the oldest of three children on August 14, 1883 His mother, Mary Matthews Just, opened a private religious school, where she taught her son His father, Frazier Just, a dock worker and wharf builder, died in 1887, when Just was only four years old Just learned early that he would have to work in the fields to help his mother support the family In 1900, having completed six years of education at the Industrial School in Orangeburg, South Carolina, Just worked his way to New York aboard a coastal steamer He studied at the Kimball Union Academy in Meriden, New Hampshire, where he edited the school paper and led the debate club He studied biology at Dartmouth College, where he enrolled in every available biology course and developed a specialty in cytology In 1907, he graduated magna cum laude and Phi Beta Kappa Just began teaching zoology at Howard University in 1907.

He was named head of the zoology department in 1912 and remained in that position the rest of his life He married colleague Ethel Highwarden, joined the medical staff, and, as a means of upgrading the school's training of physicians, headed the physiology department In 1915, he took a leave of absence from his teaching post to complete a doctorate in zoology at the University of Chicago From 1909 to 1930, Just taught during the school year, then spent his summers immersed in productive research among Nobel scientists at the renowned marine lab at Woods Hole, Massachusetts With his knowledge of French and German, he studied widely the nature of the cell, particularly the transfer of water within the cell, the effects of ultraviolet light on the number of chromosomes in a cell, and other variations in the reproductive cell caused by manipulation of physical and chemical conditions His findings resulted in more than sixty published articles in scientific journals A precise researcher, Just examined the formation of egg and sperm cells in sea urchins and sandworms and perfected methods of identifying and standardizing cell samples Departing from theories of his day, he used seawater to produce parthenogenesis, or spermless fertilization, in sea urchins Supported by the National Research Council, the Carnegie Corporation, the Rosenwald Foundation, Julius Rosenwald, and the General Education Board, his studies determined the importance of cytoplasm and L ectoplasm to fertilization and heredity He also produced more current data on the function of the kidneys, pancreas, and liver, which proved crucial to the study of cancer.

His findings, which fellow scientists valued highly, assisted the differentiation between living and non-living matter and between animals and plants, determination of sex in unborn fetuses, and an understanding of evolution He published two books, The Biology of the Cell Surface (1939) and Basic Methods for Experiments on Eggs of Marine Animals (1939), and edited The Biological Bulletin, Protoplasma, General Cytology, The Journal of Morphology, and Physiological Zoology He served as vice president of the American Society of Zoologists and was named a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science During the 1930s, Just grew bitter because of the scientific community's callous indifference to black scholarship Unable to obtain a suitable post at a major university research center, he moved to Berlin to work at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute Just later worked in Russia, Italy, and France, where he lectured at the Sorbonne For his work, Just became the first notable black to receive the NAACP's Spingarn Medal Even more to his credit, he trained a cadre of research scientists who followed his meticulous laboratory method and furthered his inquiry into the nature of the cell Just died of cancer in Washington, DC.

, on October 27, 1941, and was buried in the Lincoln Cemetery In 1996, the US Postal Service issued a stamp honoring Just as part of its Black Heritage series.



 
Ernest Everett Just (Outstanding African American Biologist of the 20th Century)
Brief Lecture on the life of Dr. Ernest Everett Just.
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George Langford: Remembering E. E. Just
Langford describes how E. E. Just's intelligence, persistence and innovative ways of pursuing his science allowed him to become a successful biologist in spi...
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09-10 Science Bowl: Benjamin Tasker MS v Ernest Everett Just MS
Game 3.
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Maurice Mo the Educator Dolberry reflecting on Ernest Everett Just Hall at Howard University
Maurice "Mo the Educator" Dolberry reflecting on Ernest Everett Just Hall at Howard University.
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March 2008 - Maryland Science Bowl Competition at Ernest Everett Just Middle School
Patriots Technology Training Center in partnership with the Department of Energy (DOE) and Naval Sea Systems (NAVSEA) Command. This event featured 12 ...
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2010-2011 Science Bowl: Ernest Everett Just MS v John Hanson
Game 17.
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EEJ Harlem Shake
Ernest Everett just doind the Harlem shake.
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Omega Psi Phi hop at UAlbanys Block Party
Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, Inc. was founded on Friday evening on November 17th 1911 at Howard University. It was founded by a faculty advisor and three libera ...
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Professor Stephon Alexander: Higgs Boson Propels Particle Physics to Center Stage (Part One)
Theoretical physicist Stephon Alexander, the Ernest Everett Just 1907 Professor, discusses the Higgs boson particle discovered with the Large Hadron Collider.
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Middle skool fight
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Professor Stephon Alexander: Higgs Boson Propels Particle Physics to Center Stage (Part Two)
Theoretical physicist Stephon Alexander, the Ernest Everett Just 1907 Professor, links the most recent revelations of particle physics with dark matter, the ...
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Ernest E Just Middle School/DC Thunder vs Maryland 3D Saturday 24.2014May
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Do You Fall at the Same Rate as Your Mirror Image?
Google Tech Talk April 22, 2013 (more info below) Presented by Stephon Alexander ABSTRACT Over the past decade, based on work pioneered by the ...
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ThankgivingGreetings
Thanksgiving greetings from Dr. Ernest Everett Just MS staff.
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Love to you from hell Ernest Ray Everett.wmv
Ernest Ray Everett: A song about a soldier at war who has a few minutes to tell his loved ones how he feels and what situation he´s in. This song is from the...
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2011 WSSU Q-Dog Step show Performance Pt.1 HD
Step show performance at the 2011 WSSU Homecoming event. Omega Psi Phi (ΩΨΦ) is an international fraternity with over 700 undergraduate and graduate ...
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Part 3 - Delta Chapter of Omega Psi Phi (ΩΨΦ) Fraternity - Meharry Step Show 2013
www.omegapsiphifraternity.org/ Omega Psi Phi (ΩΨΦ) is an international fraternity with over 700 undergraduate and graduate chapters. The fraternity was found ...
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2011 WSSU Q-Dog Step show Performance Pt 2 HD
Step show performance at the 2011 WSSU Homecoming event. Omega Psi Phi (ΩΨΦ) is an international fraternity with over 700 undergraduate and graduate ...
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Omega Psi Phi (ΩΨΦ) @ AZs DIVINE NINE GREEK SHOW at PHOENIX COLLEGE 8/27/11
Omega Psi Phi (ΩΨΦ) is a fraternity and is the first African-American national fraternal organization to be founded at a historically black college. Omega Ps...
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Alpha Phi Alpha / Omega Psi Phi / Phi Beta Sigma @ ASU DIVINE NINE BBQ 8/27/11
Alpha Phi Alpha (ΑΦΑ) is the first Inter-Collegiate Black Greek Letter fraternity. It was founded on December 4, 1906 at Cornell University in Ithaca, New Yo...
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