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Marcus Garvey
Marcus Garvey Marcus Garvey


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Social Activist Born Marcus Mosiah Garvey, Jr on August 17, 1887, in St Ann's Bay, Jamica Self-educated, Garvey founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association, dedicated to promoting African-Americans and resettlement in Africa In the United States he launched several businesses to promote a separate black nation After he was convicted of mail fraud and deported back to Jamaica, he continued his work for black repatriation to Africa Marcus Mosiah Garvey was the last of 11 children born to Marcus Garvey, Sr and Sarah Jane Richards His father was a stone mason, and his mother a domestic worker and farmer.

Garvey, Sr was a great influence on Marcus, who once described him as "severe, firm, determined, bold, and strong, refusing to yield even to superior forces if he believed he was right" His father was known to have a large library, where young Garvey learned to read At age 14, Marcus became a printer's apprentice In 1903, he traveled to Kingston, Jamaica, and soon became involved in union activities In 1907, he took part in an unsuccessful printer's strike and the experience kindled in him a passion for political activism Three years later, he traveled throughout Central America working as an newspaper editor and writing about the exploitation of migrant workers in the plantations He later traveled to London where he attended Birkbeck College (University of London) and worked for the African Times and Orient Review, which advocated Pan-African nationalism Inspired by these experiences, Marcus Garvey returned to Jamaica in 1912 and founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) with the goal of uniting all of African diaspora to "establish a country and absolute government of their own" After corresponding with Booker T.

Washington, the American educator who founded Tuskegee Institute, Garvey traveled to the United States in 1916 to raise funds for a similar venture in Jamaica He settled in New York City and formed a UNIA chapter in Harlem to promote a separatist philosophy of social, political, and economic freedom for blacks In 1918, Garvey began publishing the widely distributed newspaper Negro World to convey his message By 1919, Marcus Garvey and UNIA had launched the Black Star Line, a shipping company that would establish trade and commerce between Africans in America, the Caribbean, South and Central America, Canada, and Africa At the same time, Garvey started the Negros Factories Association, a series of companies that would manufacture marketable commodities in every big industrial center in the Western hemisphere and Africa In August 1920, UNIA claimed 4 million members and held its first International Convention at Madison Square Garden in New York City Before a crowd of 25,000 people from all over world, Marcus Garvey spoke of having pride in African history and culture Many found his words inspiring, but not all Some established black leaders found his separatist philosophy ill-conceived W.

EB Du Bois, a prominent black leader and officer of the NAACP called Garvey, "the most dangerous enemy of the Negro race in America" Garvey felt Du Bois was an agent of the white elite In 1922, Marcus Garvey and three other UNIA officials were charged with mail fraud involving the Black Star Line.

The trial records indicate several improprieties occurred in the prosecution of the case It didn't help that the shipping line's books contained many accounting irregularities On June 23, 1923, Garvey was convicted and sentenced to prison for five years Claiming to be a victim of a politically motivated miscarriage of justice, Garvey appealed his conviction, but was denied In 1927 he was released from prison and deported to Jamaica Garvey continued his political activism and the work of UNIA in Jamaica, and then moved to London in 1935 But he did not command the same influence he had earlier Perhaps in desperation or maybe in delusion, Garvey collaborated with outspoken segregationist and white supremacist Senator Theodore Bilbo of Mississippi to promote a reparations scheme The Greater Liberia Act of 1939 would deport 12 million African-Americans to Liberia at federal expense to relieve unemployment The act failed in Congress, and Garvey lost even more support among the black population.

Marcus Garvey died in London in 1940 after several strokes Due to travel restrictions during World War II, his body was interred in London In 1964, his remains were exhumed and taken to Jamaica, where the government proclaimed him Jamaica's first national hero and re-interred him at a shrine in the National Heroes Park But his memory and influence remain His message of pride and dignity inspired many in the early days of the Civil Rights movement in the 1950s and 1960s In tribute to his many contributions, Garvey's bust has been displayed in the Organization of American States' Hall of Heroes in Washington, DC The country of Ghana has named its shipping line the Black Star Line and its national soccer team the Black Stars, in honor of Garvey.



 
RBG-THE STORY OF MARCUS GARVEY-A Documentary Film
RBG Honorable Marcus Mosiah Garvey Studies Collection http://www.scribd.com/collections/3709720/RBG-Honorable-Marcus-Mosiah-Garvey-Studies-Collection.
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Marcus Garvey telling the truth you dont want to hear
A few words from the esteem elder The Honorable Marcus Garvey. We have to understand our history, and learn from it. I know many of us don't want to hear it,...
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Marcus Garvey
Marcus Garvey was a Jamaican-born black nationalist founder of the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) Garvey created a 'Back to Africa' movement ...
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Marcus Garvey interview.
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Dr. John Henrik Clarke - The Legacy of Marcus Garvey
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Marcus Garvey - Mini Biography
Watch a short biography video of Marcus Garvey, the founder of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League. Learn more about M...
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Minister Farrakhan on Marcus Garvey, Black women and Black men in the Workplace
From the 'True History of Moses' lecture that was delivered 12-07-1986.
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Marcus Garvey speech
http://www.Negus4Life.Spreadshirt.com.
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Marcus Garvey Know Yourself
A speech by Marcus Garvey extolling the virtues of self-knowledge.
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Marcus Garvey, speech 1/2
Marcus Garvey," Look for me in the whirlwind" speech -- [Uploaded using YT-Splitter] http://in20s.com/YTSplitter/
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Burning Spear - Marcus Garvey (full album)
Acesse: http://www.reggaepeloreggae.com | http://www.facebook.com/reggaepeloreggae 1975 | Burning Spear - Marcus Garvey 00:00 - Marcus Garvey 03:25 - Slavery...
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Amos N. Wilson | The Legacy of Marcus Garvey
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/DrAmosWilson Phone: (718) 462-1830 Website: www.AfrikanWorldInfoSystems.com.
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THE INFLUENCE OF MARCUS GARVEY PT. 1
A documentary about one of the most innovative black thinkers ever.
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Clip of a powerful Marcus Garvey speech
This was in the 20's yall! Powerful stuff.
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Dr Marcus Garvey Jr - The Arab Slave Trade
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Junior Reid on Marcus Garvey; His Name; Shottas Movie
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Malcolm X Speaks on Marcus Garvey
This is a tribute to an under-rated freedom fighter and Pan-Africanist in Marcus Mosiah Gavery. Brother Malcolm speaks on his influence and also he speaks ab...
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Johnny Clarke - Marcus Garvey
Reggea.
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Burning Spear - Old Marcus Garvey - Live in Paris, Zenith 88
Enjoy!! PS : the DVD is not avalaible on sale anymore (on august 2010) so I allow myself to share this video with all your respect. Thank's.
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Marcus Garvey - YouTube.flv
Marcus Garvey is one of the most contradictory and enigmatic figures in American history, both visionary and manipulative, a brilliant orator and a pompous a...
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Burning Spear - Marcus Garvey
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Sinéad OConnor - Marcus Garvey (reggae)
Sinéad O'Connor - Marcus Garvey (reggae) Throw Down Your Arms (2005)
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Marcus Garvey - Hypnotic Brass Ensemble
A great song dedicated to Marcus Garvey by one of the greatest brass ensembles in the world.
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Marcus Garvey - Sinead OConnor
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