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Jesse Owens
Jesse Owens Jesse Owens


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James Cleveland Owens was born in Oakville, Alabama, on Sept 12, 1913, the son of a sharecropper He was a sickly child, often too frail to help his father and brothers in the fields The family moved to Cleveland, Ohio, in 1921 There was little improvement in their life, but the move did enable young Owens to enter public school, where a teacher accidently wrote down his name as "Jesse" instead of JC The name stuck for the rest of his life When Jesse was in the fifth grade, the athletic supervisor asked him to go out for track From a spindly boy he developed into a strong runner In junior high school he set a record for the 100-yard dash.

In high school in 1933 he won the 100-yard dash, the 200-yard dash, and the broad jump in the National Interscholastic Championships Owens was such a complete athlete, a coach said he seemed to float over the ground when he ran A number of universities actively recruited Owens, but he felt college was a dream He felt he could not leave his struggling family and young wife when a paycheck needed to be earned Owens finally agreed to enter Ohio State University in Columbus after officials found employment for his father In addition to his studies and participating in track, Owens worked three jobs to pay his tuition He experienced racism while a student at Ohio State, but the incidents merely strengthened his resolve to succeed At the "Big Ten" track and field championships (at the University of Michigan) in 1935, he broke three world records and tied another His 26 foot 8 1/4 inch broad jump set a record that was not broken for 25 years Owens was a member of the 1936 U.

S Olympic team competing in Berlin The African-American members of the squad faced the challenges not only of competition but also of Hitler's boasts of Aryan supremacy Owens won a total of four gold medals at the Olympic games As a stunned Hitler angrily left the stadium, German athletes embraced Owens and the spectators chanted his name He returned to America to a hero's welcome, honored at a ticker tape parade in New York However, within months, he was unable to find work to finance his senior year of college Owens took work as a playground supervisor, but was soon approached by promoters who wanted to pit him against race horses and cars With the money from these exhibitions, he was able to finish school In 1937 Owens lent his name to a chain of cleaning shops.

They prospered until 1939, when the partners fled, leaving Owens a bankrupt business and heavy debts He found employment with the Office of Civilian Defense in Philadelphia (1940-1942) as national director of physical education for African-Americans From 1942 to 1946 he was director of minority employment at Ford Motor Company in Detroit He later became a sales executive for a Chicago sporting goods company In 1951 Owens accompanied the Harlem Globetrotters basketball team to Berlin at the invitation of the US High Commission and the Army He was appointed secretary of the Illinois Athletic Commission (1952-1955), and was sent on a global goodwill tour as ambassador of sport for the United States Also in 1955, he was appointed to the Illinois Youth Commission In 1956 he organized the Junior Olympic Games for youngsters in Chicago between the ages of 12 and 17.

Owens and his friend Joe Louis were active in helping black youth Owens headed his own public relations firm in Chicago and for several years had a jazz program on Chicago radio He traveled throughout America and abroad, lecturing youth groups Ideologically moderate, Owens admired Martin Luther King, Jr Owens and his childhood sweetheart whom he had married in 1931, had three daughters Forty years after he won his gold medals, Owens was finally invited to the White House to accept a Medal of Freedom from President Gerald Ford The following year, the Jesse Owens International Trophy for amateur athletes was established In 1979, President Jimmy Carter honored Owens with a Living Legend Award In the 1970s Owens moved his business from Chicago to Phoenix, but as time progressed, his health deteriorated He died of cancer on March 31, 1980, after a lengthy stay in a Phoenix hospital.

He was buried in Chicago several days later The highest honor Owens received came a full ten years after his death Congressman Louis Stokes from Cleveland lobbied tirelessly to earn Owens a Congressional Gold Medal The award was finally given to Owens's widow by President Bush in 1990 During the ceremony, President Bush called Owens "an Olympic hero and an American hero every day of his life" Owens's fabled career as a runner again caught public attention in the 1996 Olympic Games, and 60th anniversary of his Berlin triumph, as entrepreneurs hawked everything from Jesse Owens gambling chips (Sports Illustrated August 5, 1996) to commemorative oak tree seedlings (American Forests Spring, 1996) reminiscent of one he was awarded as a Gold Medalist in Berlin (Sports Illustrated February 20, 1995) Racism at home had denied Owens the financial fruits of his victory after the 1936 games, but his triumph in what has been called "the most important sports story of the century," continued to be an inspiration for modern day Olympians such as track stars Michael Johnson and Carl Lewis In Jet magazine (August 1996), Johnson credited Owens for paving the way for his and other black athletes' victories .



 
Jesse Owens - 1936 Olympics
Jesse Owens of the United States wins 4 gold medals in the 1936 Berlin Olympics. He wins gold in the 100m, 200m, 4x100m relay, and the long jump.
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Jesse Owens: Enduring Spirit
Jesse Owens: Enduring Spirit chronicles the life and times of a Big Ten icon. This 30 minute documentary takes a look back at the trials and triumphs of one ...
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Jesse Owens, Hitler reaction
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Jesse Owens, Berlin 36
Jesse Owens, Berlin '36.
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Jesse Owens vs. Usain Bolt
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Jesse Owens Gold Medal Moment: and an Unlikely Friendship
Jesse Owens was a champion track star who challenged the racial stereotypes of Nazi Germany where the 1936 Olympic Games were held. While many admire Owens f...
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Jesse Owens Wins 100m Olympic Gold in front of Hitler at 1936 Olympics
Jesse Owens Wins 100m Olympic Gold in front of Hitler at 1936 Olympics. Jesse Owens was an American track and field athlete who won international fame by win...
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Jesse Owens - Der schnellste Mann der Welt (Doku)
Jesse Owens war der große Star der Olympischen Spiele in Berlin - bis heute ist er eine Sportlegende. Die Dokumentation von Stanley Nelson erzählt die ungewö...
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Jesse Owens Returns to Berlin Olympics 1936
Narrated by Jesse Owens, one of the best sports documentaries ever, VHS transfer from an old television broadcast.
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1936 Olympics from Berlin with Hitler and Jesse Owens
Hitler's Berlin Olympics witnessed the rise of black athletes (like Jesse Owens)- to the chagrin of the Nazi's. Hosted by Christopher Plummer "Olympia". This...
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1936 - Jesse Owens 8.06w - Long Jump - Berlin Olympics
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1936 - Jesse Owens 20.7wr - 200m - Berlin Olympics
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Debunking Hitler - Jesse Owens Snub Myth
One of many common myths invented and re-cycled by cretinous self-hating journalists is that at the 'Nazi Olympics', the German leader snubbed Jesse Owens by...
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Black History Month- Jesse Owens
A biography of the greatest track star of all time, Jesse Owens.
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Jesse Owens vs a horse
Jesse Owens racing a horse.
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1935-1936 Jesse Owens
1935 Ann Arbor 100y - Long Jump - 220y low hurdles 1935 NCAA - 100y - 220y low hurdles - 220y straight 1935 New York - 100y 1936 220y straight 1936 AAU - 100...
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Jesse Owens Berlin Olympics interview
Jess Owens interviewed after the 1936 Berlin Olympics.
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Verdade sobre Jesse Owens - Olimpíadas Nazista 1936
Verdade sobre o negro Jesse Owens - Olimpíadas Nazista 1936 ''A batalha esportiva e nobre desperta as melhores virtudes humanas. Ela não separa, mas une os c...
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Jesse Owens.
The son of a sharecropper and the grandson of slaves, Jesse Owens was born James Cleveland Owens on September 12, 1913, in Oakville, Alabama. A frail child, ...
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Our History in Black ( Jesse Owens )
Jesse Owens singlehandedly discrediting Nazi Germany's racist propaganda with his record breaking performances in the 1936 Olympics .
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Whats My Line? - Jesse Owens; Tony Randall [panel] (Aug 14, 1960)
MYSTERY GUEST: Jesse Owens PANEL: Dorothy Kilgallen, Tony Randall, Arlene Francis, Bennett Cerf.
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Whats My Line? Jesse Owens - Winner - 4 Gold Medals BERLIN - 1936 (1960)
Jesse Owens was the mystery guest on the Aug.14, 1960, episode of the popular panel program What's My Line?. Host John Charles Daly is joined by panelists Do...
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JESSE OWENS EN LAS OLIMPIADAS DE BERLIN 1936
Respecto al gran atleta negro Jesse Oweris vencedor de los 100 mts. lisos, en salto de longuitud, en 200 mts. lisos y en relevos 4 x 100, como componente del...
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Jesse Owens v/s Hitler
Jesse Owens, one of the greatest athlete, broke the myth of Aryan superamcy propogated by Hitler.
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Biography - OJ - Jesse Owens - Olympic Hero 1936
In the summer of nineteen thirty-six, people all over the world heard the name of Jesse Owens. That summer, Owens joined the best athletes from fifty nations...
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