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Coretta Scott King
Coretta Scott King Coretta Scott King


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Coretta Scott King was the wife of civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr (1929–1968) She has gained an international reputation as an advocate (someone that supports a cause) for civil rights, nonviolence, international peace, and equal rights for women Coretta Scott was born on April 27, 1927, in Perry County, Alabama Her parents, Obadiah and Bernice Scott, were farmers The Scott family had owned land in the area since the American Civil War (1861–65) Even though the Scotts were more successful than most African Americans in the area, life for them and their three children was difficult Coretta, along with her mother and sister, tended the family garden and crops, fed the chickens and hogs, and milked the cows Scott's early schooling was affected by the system of segregation, which kept people of different races apart She walked six miles a day to and from school while white students traveled by bus to schools with better facilities and teachers.

After completing six grades at the elementary school that "did not do much to prepare" her, Scott enrolled in Lincoln High School in Marion, Alabama Lincoln "was as good as any school, white or black, in the area," said Scott She developed an interest in music at Lincoln and, with encouragement from her teachers, decided to pursue a career in it In 1945 Scott graduated as valedictorian (the student having the highest grades) of her high school class and won a scholarship to Antioch College in Yellow Springs, Ohio Eager to leave the South, Scott enrolled at Antioch only to discover that racism (a dislike or disrespect of someone solely based on his or her race) was very much alive there also Being the first African American to major in elementary education at Antioch created problems for her Such a major required a two-year internship, or training period—one year teaching in the Antioch private elementary school and the other in the Ohio public schools The year at the Antioch school, where Scott taught music, went well The Yellow Springs school board, however, refused to allow Scott to teach in its school system because of her race The student body was integrated, meaning that it contained both black and white students, but the faculty (teachers and members of the administrative staff) was all white.

Scott was given the option of going to Xenia, Ohio, and teaching in an all-black school or remaining at the Antioch private school for a second year She chose to stay at the Antioch school Discrimination (unequal treatment based on race) made Scott more determined than ever She joined the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) as well as a race-relations committee and a civil liberties committee She later said, "I was active on all of them From the first, I had been determined to get ahead, not just for myself, but to do something for my people and for all people I took to my heart the words of Horace Mann [1796–1859], 'Be ashamed to die until you have won some victory for humanity'" Scott's years at Antioch were rewarding despite her unfortunate teaching experience Her time there renewed and strengthened the values of giving and sharing that she had learned at home and at Lincoln High School She learned to work toward excellence, crediting the school with helping lead her to believe "that individuals as well as society could move toward the democratic ideal of brotherhood.

" At Antioch, Scott developed confidence that she could compete with "all people of all racial, ethnic and cultural backgrounds" on their terms or on her own She claimed that "the total experience of Antioch" was an important element in preparing her for the role as wife of Martin Luther King Jr and for her part in the civil rights movement (the organized effort to gain full equality for African Americans in the United States) he led While Coretta Scott was at Antioch she realized that she wanted to continue in music and to develop her voice to its fullest potential She enrolled in the New England Conservatory in Boston, Massachusetts, graduating in 1954 with a bachelor's degree in music It was in Boston that she met Martin Luther King Jr They were married on June 18, 1953 Her decision to marry the young minister meant giving up her career as a performing concert musician In 1954 the Kings moved to Montgomery, Alabama, where they led the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church It was in Montgomery that they were pushed into the leadership of the civil rights movement.

Martin Luther King Jr was recognized as the movement's leader, but Coretta Scott King was very much a part of it as well She was actively involved in organizing and participating in the marches and boycotts (a form of protest in which organizers refuse to have dealings with a person, a store, or an organization until policies or positions are changed) She also gave "freedom concerts," in which she sang, read poetry, and gave lectures on the history of civil rights, to raise funds for the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC; an organization that was founded by Martin Luther King Jr in 1957 to help local groups in their efforts to gain equality for African Americans) and for the civil rights movement She also gave speeches all over the country, often standing in for her husband After the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr in Memphis, Tennessee, on April 4, 1968, Coretta Scott King continued to work for the civil rights movement Four days after the violent murder of her husband, the grieving widow and three of her four children returned to Memphis to lead the march Martin had organized In June 1968 she spoke at the Poor People's Campaign in Washington, D.

C, a rally her husband had been planning before his death Then, in May 1969 she led a demonstration of striking hospital workers in Charleston, South Carolina In addition to her role in the civil rights movement, King was active in the peace movement She called the Vietnam War (1955–75; a civil war in which US-backed forces in South Vietnam fought against a takeover by forces from North Vietnam), "the most cruel and evil war in the history of mankind" In 1961 as a representative for the Women's Strike for Peace, she attended a seventeen-nation arms-reduction conference in Geneva, Switzerland Later, King was concerned with full employment (or providing access to jobs for all people who are able to work) She testified in Washington in favor of the Humphrey-Hawkins Full Employment and Balanced Growth Act of 1978, which was aimed at reducing both unemployment and rates of price increases.

She also supported equal rights and justice for women King also led and worked on several national committees and continued to serve on the board of directors of the SCLC She was president of the Martin Luther King Jr Center for Social Change, located in Atlanta, Georgia The Kings' youngest son, Dexter Scott King (1961–), took over as leader of the King Center in 1995 Coretta Scott King continues to work in support of world peace, full employment, and social justice Furthermore, her commitment to nonviolence is as strong as ever .



 
Elizabeth Warren Reads Coretta Scott King Letter about Jeff Sessions
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FNN: Bernie Sanders DEFENDS Elizabeth Warren, Reads Coretta Scott King Letter on Senate Floor
Brought to you by Desert Diamond: http://ddcaz.com Bernie Sanders took to the Senate Floor to blast those who silenced Sen. Elizabeth Warren, calling it ...
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Elizabeth Warren Shut Down By Mitch McConnell While Reading Coretta Scott King Letter
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Spicer on Coretta Scott King
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Sean Spicer: Coretta Scott King Would TOTALLY Support Jeff Sessions Now, If She Were Alive
In this Majority Report clip, we watch April Ryan of American Urban Radio Networks ask Sean Spicer about the actual content of the Coretta Scott King letter that ...
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MAYA ANGELOU
Dr. Angelou speaking at the funeral of Coretta Scott King.
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Senator Elizabeth Warren: Coretta Scott King will not be silenced
Senator Elizabeth Warren spoke at a Democratic Steering and Outreach Committee meeting on February 8, 2017 about Republican efforts to silence her on the ...
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Senate Republicans censored Elizabeth Warren for quoting Coretta Scott King Discussion
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New Low For Republicans – Silencing Elizabeth Warren For Quoting Coretta Scott King
In her opposition to Jeff Sessions as Attorney General, Senator Elizabeth Warren took the floor and attempted to read a letter from Coretta Scott King, wife of Dr.
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Elizabeth Warren Silenced After Quoting Coretta Scott King at Attorney General Debate
Republican senators voted to silence Warren, a Democrat, after she quoted Coretta Scott King in a speech opposing Attorney General nominee Sen.
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Bernie Sanders Reads Coretta Scott King Letter on Senate Floor
Bernie Sanders Reads Coretta Scott King Letter on Senate Floor DEFENDS Elizabeth Warren.
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Elizabeth Warren Silenced After Reading Coretta Scott Kings 1986 Letter About Jeff Sessions Racism
In this Majority Report clip, we watch video of Elizabeth Warren attempting to read Coretta Scott King's letter written in 1986 when Jeff Sessions was up for a ...
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Coretta Scott King Letter to the Senate Regarding Jeff Sessions
Tonight Senator Elizabeth Warren was silenced on the floor of the United States Senate by Mitch McConell as she read into the record the text of a letter Coretta ...
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Sen. Elizabeth Warren Silenced by GOP For Reading Coretta Scott Kings Letter About Jeff Sessions
http://democracynow.org - In a highly unusual move, Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-MA) was silenced during a Senate debate Tuesday over the confirmation of ...
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News: Silencing The Letter Written By Coretta Scott King Is Systemic Racism
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Bernie Sanders Defends Elizabeth Warren, Reads Coretta Scott King Letter
After the Senate voted to silence Elizabeth Warren and prevent her from reading a letter from Coretta Scott King during floor debate of the nomination of Senator ...
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Elizabeth Warren Shut Down by Mitch McConnell for Quoting Coretta Scott King ?
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Coretta Scott King & Martin Luther Kings Burial site
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Coretta Scott King Timeline 2.H.1.1
With our study of timelines and influential African Americans in History, the students and I wanted to create a timeline to honor Mrs. Coretta Scott King. Enjoy.
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Elizabeth Warren After Being Silenced On Senate Floor Reads Letter From Coretta Scott King 2/7/17
U.S. Senator Elizabeth Warren was live During the debate on whether to make Jeff Sessions the next Attorney General, I tried to read a letter from Coretta Scott ...
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